Cask Ale is a beer that is brewed from traditional ingredients which include...
Malted Barley - Malt is germinated cereal grain that has been dried in a process that is known as 'malting'. Malted Barley is used for its sugars, colour, and flavour (Malty taste)
Yeast - Yeast is an enzyme that reacts with the sugars, that then turns it into alcohol through a fermentation process.
Water - The largest percentage of the final product consists of water. This will have an impact on the final flavour.
Hops - Hops are used for two main reasons... bitterness and flavour. To create the bitterness the hops must be boiled. If you add hops directly to the beer in cask it will produce the hoppy flavour.
The brewery will use these 4 ingredients (or more) to brew their cask ale. It is a long winded process which takes a lot of patience and time, but once finished the results can be amazing.
The processed Malted Barley, Yeast, Water and Hops are mixed and then sent through several stages, one of which turns the sugars in the malt into alcohol this is known as Primary Fermentation.
Once the Fermentation has finished and it has gone through its final process of cooling, it will then be sent to a holding vessel known as a Draught Beer Tank (DBT). The DBT is used to gently agitate the beer to ensure the yeast is kept in suspension before being packaged into a cask.
When the final stages are complete the beer is run into casks and placed in a storage room ready to be ordered and delivered.
Once the beer is in our cellar it is arguably the most important stage. If we do not stick to our strict process of preparing the casks, the beer can be below standards and could spoil the beer.
To prepare the cask ale for sale we have to mix up the contents of the cask before 'venting' it, to allow secondary fermentation.
Secondary Fermentation. This is a process that turns the brew into a 'Cask' Ale. It is the process of taking the finished beer and letting the oxygen start a second fermentation as well as allowing the finings to clarify the beer.
The beer is then finally sealed and allowed to condition for a short period of time.
Once this is all done, the cask is then ready to be served!